Female engineers earn 25% less wages than male engineers, so what are the reasons behind this?

A recent study found that women who work in engineering or optics earn less than men, with the wage gap reaching its highest mid-career. This study also showed that the average salaries of men in these fields were generally 36 percent higher than those of women

The average salary for men was $ 79,755 per year, compared to $ 58,431 for women.

In the Middle East, the largest difference in salary between men and women was recorded.

The salary difference between female engineers and engineers around the world

Based on the SPIE Global Salary Report 2013, the results are detailed as follows:

In the Middle East (and at all income levels) men in tech fields earn 140 percent more than women, while in North America men earn 32 percent more.

For (high-income jobs) in Asia the wage difference was 63 percent in favor of men

While in Europe the difference was 41 percent.

The study also found that the smallest income gap between men and women was in Oceania

Tech men (at all income levels) earned only 9 percent more than women.

It was also found through this report that in middle age, the engineering income gap between men and women is at its highest

Men earned 43 percent more than women after 16 to 20 years of work, compared to 8 percent after less than five years in the job, and 24 percent after more than 30 years of work.

To find out the reasons behind this difference in salary between men and women in the engineering field, an opinion poll was created, the results of which were as follows:

Male respondents stated that they work longer hours than women

Between 25 and 30 percent of men said they work 50 hours or more per week, compared to about 20 percent of women.

The report's authors note that the number of hours worked is just one of many factors that may explain the difference in salary mid-career.

The wage difference may also differ according to the type of employer, as it has been found that men earn more in companies, government laboratories, private laboratories or research institutes than women.

In particular, men enjoyed the greatest advantage in "other research institutes", where they earned 79 percent more than women.

But in civilian government jobs, men actually earn 11 percent less than women.

Finally, the International Society of Optics and Photonics (SPIE) has sent out survey invitations to its global client database

Men made up 83 percent of the survey sample, and this study resulted in a total of 6,752 valid answers.

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