Types of project management

What is a Project?

A project can be defined as a related set of activities that have starting and ending point, that results in a unique service or product.

A project may be:

⮞ Design only;

⮞ Construction only; or

⮞ A combination of design & construction

A project consists of three components:

Scope: the work to be accomplished (quantity & quality of work). Quality is the responsibility of all participants in a project to meet the needs of the owner and users of the project. It includes creating drawings with a minimum number of errors, furnishing equipment that meets specifications, and building a project to fulfill the requirements of a contract

Budget: It is the amount of money the owner will spend on the project

Schedule: the logical sequencing and timing of work to be performed

A balance is, therefore, necessary between the scope, budget, & schedule


Types of Management

  1. Discipline Management; and
  2. Project Management

Discipline Management (Functional management): it involves the coordination of repeated work of a similar nature by the same people

Examples: management of a department of design engineering, surveying, estimating, or purchasing

Project Management: it involves the coordination of one-time-work by a team of people who often have never previously worked together

Examples: management of the design and/or construction of a shopping center, refinery unit, water treatment plant, office building, etc. 

The project manager must:

  1. Develop a good working relationship with people
  2. Organize the project team.
  3. Have good communication skills
  4. Coordinate people and information

A good project manager is a good communicator


Functions of Management

  1. Planning
  2. Organizing
  3. Staffing
  4. Directing
  5. Controlling



  • Starts with the scope of work and continues throughout the life of the project
  • Involves several milestones & constraints
  • Requires the participation of all parties



  • It is fitting the project plan by arranging the resources in the best manner
  • Involves the preparation of a work breakdown structure (WBS): breakdown the work in a project into manageable units that are defined & measured (tasks, subtasks, and work packages)



Because people is the most important resource in the project, the manager must select expertise individuals or companies which provide the knowledge to:

⮞ Design;

⮞ Coordinate; and

⮞ Construct the project



  • It is the guidance of the work required to complete a project
  • Involves the development of the project’s staff into an effective team
  • The work that is provided by each person must be collectively directed in a common effort and in a common direction



⮞ It is the establishment of a system to measure, report, and forecast deviations in the project’s:

- Scope,
- Budget, and
- Schedule

⮞ Controlling is often the most difficult function of project management.

⮞ The purpose of project control is to:

Determine and predict deviations in a project:
Q. Why? A. To take corrective actions immediately

Continuously report information in a timely manner:
Q. Why? A. So that management can respond during the project



  1. The article was up to the point and described the information very effectively. Thanks to blog author for sharing an informative post. agile chartering session

  2. wonderful post. this is very well written and unique. Thank you for sharing this post here. keep sharing this in future.time attendance software


Powered by Blogger.