Causes of eye pain when moving

Eye injury

The patient feels pain in the eye when exposed to an injury, because the eye tissue is thin and affected quickly, and injuries may occur due to various reasons, including:

  • Exposure to a direct blow to the eye with a hard object, causing damage to the eye and surrounding organs.
  • A scratch or wound in the eye by mistake, whether it was with a stick, a finger, or anything else.
  • A foreign object, such as sand or shards of glass, enters the eye, resulting in eye injury and discomfort.
  • Chemical injuries to the eye, which may be mild, such as those caused by shampoo or cosmetics entering the eye, or severe due to chemicals that cause serious eye burns.
  • Burns in the eye due to the sun, as the harmful rays of the sun can affect the eyes and cause a burn in them similar to what happens to the skin, leading to pain and discomfort in the eyes.


Dry eye syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome means that the patient's eye, by its nature, cannot secrete enough tears to cover and protect it from drying out. , the use of contact lenses, some types of medications, and other reasons.


Dry eye syndrome symptoms

Dry eye syndrome may cause pain in the eyes, in addition to a number of other symptoms, which are as follows:

  • Burning feeling
  • Eye redness;
  • Eyes get tired quickly.
  • Difficulty reading or sitting at the computer for long periods.
  • Blurred vision Feeling of sand in the eye.
  • Feeling of heaviness in the eyes.


Dry eye syndrome treatment

As for the treatment of dry eye syndrome, it is with the aim of maintaining a sufficient amount of tears inside the eye to maintain its moisture, and this is through the following methods: 

  • Use artificial tears solutions whenever the patient needs to moisten the eyes.
  • Keep tears in the eye for a longer period, and this may be by blocking the tear ducts that drain tears in different ways.
  • Increased tear production with drops, ointments, or nutritional supplements as prescribed by your doctor.


Vision problems

Various vision problems can cause eye pain when moving, and it is worth noting that it is preferable to go to the doctor in case of feeling strange pain in the eyes, and these problems include the following:

  • Myopia: the inability to see clearly when looking at distant objects.
  • Farsightedness: It is the inability to see clearly when seeing nearby objects, as they appear blurry and unclear.
  • Astigmatism or refractive defect: It is the inability to see clearly whether near or far objects, and this is due to problems in the deviation of the reflection of the image inside the eye.
  • Strabismus: It means that both eyes do not move together correctly.
  • Amblyopia or lazy eye: (Amblyopia), a condition in which one eye is weaker than the other, and it often affects children. 


Sinusitis

Sinusitis may occur as a result of inflammation of the spaces inside the nose, which leads to preventing mucus from draining and accumulating causing inflammation, and the patient feels various symptoms such as: a runny nose and thick mucus with yellow or green color, the occurrence of posterior nasal drainage, and nasal congestion that obstructs breathing easily, Not to mention the effect of sinusitis on the eyes, the patient also feels pain and swelling in the face area and around the eyes, and the pain worsens when moving or bending.




Scleritis of the eye

Scleritis is defined as an inflammation of a part of the eye called the sclera, which is represented by the appearance of the eye in red and may be associated with loss of vision, and also leads to the patient feeling pain in and around the eye and the pain worsens when moving the eye, and it may be Severe enough to wake the patient from sleep, and it is worth noting that the inflammation may be anterior or posterior, depending on the affected muscle.


Optic neuritis

Optic neuritis occurs when swelling and inflammation of the nerve damage the optic nerve that is responsible for transmitting visual information to the brain, which may be the result of various diseases, and it also results from the use of types of drugs and toxins, and causes pain in the eye that increases with moving it, in addition To other symptoms such as: 

  • Vision loss in one eye, but the extent of vision loss varies from one patient to another.
  • Partial loss of vision, such as loss of side or peripheral vision.
  • Inability to distinguish colors.
  • Seeing bright lights or flashes with eye movement.


Migraine

Migraine is one of the causes of eye pain, and it is referred to as a moderate or severe headache in the form of throbbing pain in one area of ​​the head, and migraine patients also suffer from physical fatigue and sensitivity to sound and light, [9] as for its relationship to pain. Eye The pain often begins in the eye and moves to the back of the head, in addition, the patient may see bright lights that come before the onset of pain, and the headache usually lasts for a period ranging from several hours to days.


Cluster headache

Cluster Headaches is a rare condition that is characterized by attacks of headaches that occur on one side of the head, often near or around the eye, as they begin quickly and without warning and are characterized by sharp or burning pain, which causes the patient to swing or hit their heads, and it may be accompanied by one of the following symptoms: 

  • eye redness;
  • Constant tears in the eye.
  • Drooping or swelling of one eyelid.
  • Facial sweating.
  • Blockage of the nostrils.


Corneal ulcer

Corneal ulcer is one of the problems that occur as a result of an open wound or defect in the epithelial tissue resulting from inflammation of the cornea, whether due to a bacterial or viral infection or due to chemical wounds and burns, and it results in various symptoms such as: 

  • Pain and a feeling of a foreign body in the eye.
  • Watery eyes or thick secretions.
  • Blurry vision if the ulcer is in a central location.
  • Increased pain from looking at bright lights.


Other causes of eye pain when moving

Other causes that may lead to eye pain when moving are the following: 

  1. Blepharitis (Blepharitis).
  2. Conjunctivitis.
  3. Iritis
  4. glaucoma


Article Summary

A person may experience pain in the eye when moving it for several reasons, he may suffer from a defect in vision such as short-sightedness or farsightedness or other vision disorders, and he may have inflammation in one of the components of the eye or its nerves, or the pain may be caused by some types of severe headaches such as Migraine, or due to dry eyes, or sinusitis, and exposure to a direct injury to the eye may lead to pain in it that may last for a period, and the eye may suffer chemical or physical burns that lead to pain when moving it, and the pain may be in one eye in some cases, It is always preferable to consult a doctor to ascertain the true cause of the pain in the eye and receive the appropriate treatment.




Resources:
https://www.webmd.com
https://www.healthline.com
https://www.aoa.org
https://www.medicinenet.com


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