Initial symptoms of high blood pressure

There are some initial symptoms of high blood pressure, including the following:


Headaches caused by high blood pressure appear on both sides of the head in the form of pulsating or throbbing. The headache is significantly exacerbated and worsened with high blood pressure, or with physical activity, and its symptoms disappear or improve with the treatment of the hypertensive attack and its improvement or removal.

Nausea and vomiting

Nausea or vomiting may be a symptom of high blood pressure. Nausea associated with severe high blood pressure can occur suddenly, and may be accompanied by dizziness.

Blurred or double vision

Untreated and persistent high blood pressure can damage the retina, which is the tissue at the back of the eye responsible for receiving the images we see. Symptoms of retinal damage may include:

  • Blurred vision, or lack of vision.
  • Double vision, which is defined as a person seeing a double image when it should be one image, where the patient can see two images side by side or on top of each other, and this condition may affect the person's balance, movement and ability to read.

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath can be a sign of high blood pressure. Extremely high blood pressure can strain the lungs.


A person with severe high blood pressure may feel an irregular heartbeat, he may feel an irregular heartbeat or that his heart is beating very quickly.

Nose bleeding

Nosebleeds are more common in hypertensive patients, and this can be due to the increased fragility of blood vessels resulting from prolonged high blood pressure. However, the relationship between nosebleeds and high blood pressure is still not completely clear. It is believed that there is no definite link between the two conditions and that high pressure does not cause nosebleeds per se, but it is more difficult to control for people with high pressure.

Symptoms of severe high blood pressure

Severe high blood pressure causes the appearance of some symptoms, including the following: 

  • severe headache.
  • Vision disturbances.
  • Fatigue.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Pain in chest.
  • Appearance of blood in the urine.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Feeling that something is knocking in the chest, neck or ears.

It is worth noting that in the absence of appropriate treatment for high blood pressure, this may lead to the emergence of many complications, such as: damage to the heart, blood circulation, lungs, brain, and kidneys, as severe high blood pressure increases the workload of the heart, and thus may lead to Chest pain and shortness of breath, and in some cases it may cause a rupture of the aorta, which carries blood from the heart to all parts of the body, which results in chest or abdominal pain.

It also causes hypertensive encephalopathy, a health condition that occurs from time to time, which is swelling of the brain, which leads to nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, and headache, and may cause some people coma, and it must be noted that treatment is necessary. Emergency medical care for people who have the above symptoms.

In addition, there is a health emergency of severely high blood pressure called malignant hypertension, a hypertensive emergency, or a hypertensive crisis. crisis), and this condition causes severe headache, disturbance of vision, and may cause nosebleeds. cerebral stroke

High blood pressure readings

High blood pressure is defined as a condition in which blood pressure is constantly high, and blood pressure is a measure of the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries, as the heart pumps blood to travel throughout the body through the arteries, and therefore high blood pressure indicates the necessity of The heart works harder to pump blood throughout the body. It is worth noting that the normal blood pressure reading ranges between 90/60 and 120/80 milliliters of mercury, while high blood pressure is diagnosed if the pressure reading is 140/90 milliliters of mercury or more.



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